Epilepsy Guelph - The word epilepsy is derived from the Ancient Greek word that translates to "seizure." It is a common neurological disorder that is defined by seizures. These seizures are symptoms or transient symptoms, indications of excessive, abnormal or hyper-synchronous neuronal activity within the brain. Epilepsy typically takes place in young kids or those individuals who are more than the age of 65, however, it can happen at any time. Across the globe, more than 50 million people have epilepsy. Around 2 out of every 3 cases are discovered in developing nations. Epileptic seizures may likewise result as a consequence of brain surgery and people recovering from such operation may experience them.
Normally, epilepsy is controlled with medication even though it is not normally cured this way. Over 30% of individuals with epilepsy do not have seizure control even on the best available medications. In several cases, surgery could be considered difficult. In lots of situations, not all epilepsy syndromes are considered permanent. Some types are confined to certain stages of childhood.
Epilepsy must not be considered as a single disorder, but instead as a syndrome with variously divergent indications that all involve episodic abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Seizure kinds are organized initially based on whether the source of the seizure is localized as in focal or partial onset seizures or whether they are more distributed or generalized seizures.
On to the extend in which area of consciousness is affected, partial seizures are further divided. If it is unaffected for example, then it is considered a simple partial seizure. If not, it is called a complex partial or complex psychomotor seizure. Secondary generalization is the term when a partial seizure may spread within the brain. Generalized seizures include loss of consciousness and are divided according to the effect on the body. These comprise atonic, tonic clonic or grand mal, clonic or tonic, myoclonic or petit mal seizures.
Kids would at times exhibit some behaviours which are easily mistaken for epileptic seizures, yet they are not actually caused by epilepsy. These behaviours include: inattentive staring, benign shudders, self gratification behaviours like for instance rocking and nodding, head banging, conversion disorder, which is flailing and jerking of the head normally in response to intense personal stress as such will incur in a situation of physical abuse. Conversion disorder can be distinguished from epilepsy because the episodes do not involve self-injury, incontinence or take place during sleep.
Just as there are types of seizures, there are many different kinds of epilepsy syndromes. The classifications include facts regarding the episodes and about the patient, in addition to the seizure kind. It even includes likely causes and clinical features like behaviour during the seizure.
There are more than 40 different kinds of epilepsy consisting of: Landau-Kleffner syndrome, frontal lobe epilepsy, childhood absence epilepsy, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, infantile spasms, LennoxGastaut syndrome, status epilepticus, limbic epilepsy, Rett syndrome, abdominal epilepsy, limbic epilepsy, temporal lobe epilepsy, photosensitive epilepsy, Jacksonian seizure disorder, and Lafora disease, among others.
Every different epilepsy type presents with its own EEG findings, typical age of onset, unique combination of seizure type, own types of prognosis and treatment. The most common classification of the various kinds of epilepsies divides epilepsy syndromes by distribution of seizures and by location. This is determined by how the seizures appear, by cause and by EEG. Syndromes are divided into generalized epilepsies, localization-related epilepsies and epilepsies of unknown localization.
Localization-related epilepsies are normally referred to as partial or focal epilepsies. These variations have an epileptic focus, which is a tiny portion of the brain that drives the epileptic response. In contrast, generalized epilepsies happen from numerous independent foci and are called multifocal epilepsies. These could involve epileptic circuits which affect the entire brain. At this time it has not been determined whether epilepsies of unknown localization occur from more widespread circuits or from a portion of the brain.
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